Curiosidades

El curioso origen de 7 palabras que ni te imaginabas

El lenguaje está en constante evolución.

Muchas palabras que usamos a diario tienen orígenes muy curiosos y que tal vez ni te imaginabas y ni mucho menos sabías.

En Planeta Curioso te presentamos una lista de 7 palabras cuyos curiosos orígenes en algunos casos sorprenderán.

El origen de palabras que usamos

Te has preguntado ¿cuál es el origen de la palabra siesta? ¿El origen de la palabra ojalá? Pues aquí te lo explicamos.

1. El origen de la palabra Siesta

La palabra «siesta»’ tiene un origen muy curioso y procede del siglo VI, cuando la regla benedictina ordenaba que los monjes guardaran reposo después de «la sexta hora» latina (es decir al mediodía), que es la hora más calurosa.

De ahí su origen la palabra «sextear» o «guardar la sexta», que después se deformó y se llegó a conocerse como «sestear» o «dormir la siesta».

2. El origen de la palabra 

Esta palabra es de origen chino.

El símbolo de la palabra té viene de la palabra ‘hierba’ chá (?) y se pronuncia de diferentes formas en distintas lenguas chinas.

La palabra té se asocia con la provincia Fujian (China) donde se pronuncia “tay” y es allí donde los holandeses, importadores de té en Europa, aprendieron a pronunciarla.

A la misma vez, los portugueses compraban té en Macao, donde se hablaba mandarin y cantonés. Allí la palabra se pronunciaba cha.

Pero las palabras evolucionan, y con los años, el “tay” se convirtió en:

  • Té en España
  • Tee para los alemanes
  • Thé para los franceses
  • Tay para los ingleses e irlandeses que con los años acaba en Tea

3. El origen de la palabra Jamón

La palabra «jamón» ha evolucionado de la palabra «pierna» del término francesa «jambe» o «jambon», pero mucho después se hizo popular en España como «jamón»’, según un escrito de 1335.

Antes se referían a este alimento como «pernil», una palabra que cayó en desuso.

4. El origen de la palabra canica

En el juego prehispánico de canicas el niño que verificaba cuál había sido la canica que había quedado más cerca del agujero, decía la frase ca, nican nican (que significa aquí estoy)

Se cree que el nombre del juego viene de esta alusión.

Otro país que ocupa esta palabra es España.

5. El origen de la palabra Lente

En el siglo XIV empezaron a fabricarse pequeños discos de vidrio que podían montarse sobre un marco. Fueron las primeras gafas de lectura.

Como estos pequeños discos tenían forma de lentejas, se les llamó «lentejas de vidrio». De ahí procede la palabra «lente».

El origen de la palabra Robot

Aunque asociamos esta palabra con algo moderno en realidad esta palabra es antigua.

La palabra «robot» viene del vocablo checo «robota», que significa «servidumbre», «trabajo forzado» o «esclavitud», especialmente los llamados «trabajadores alquilados» que vivieron en el Imperio Austrohúngaro hasta 1848.

Fue introducida en la literatura en 1920, en la obra «R.U.R.» (Rossum’s Universal Robots), de Karel Čapek.

7. El origen de la palabra Ojalá

Un término muy usado en nuestro lenguaje diario que proviene del árabe, cuando la invasión musulmana tuvo mucha influencia en el idioma español.

Es una evolución de la palabra «aw šá lláh», que significa en árabe «si Dios quiere».

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